Risks and Side Effects That May Occur in Hair Transplant

In hair transplantation performed by transplanting the hair follicles taken from the donor area to the balding area, various side effects can be seen depending on the surgical intervention, the technical error of the doctor and the physiological factors of the patient. Although the side effects of hair transplantation vary according to the person, edema, bleeding, asymmetry, folliculitis, crusting, itching, hiccups, numbness, dislocation of the grafts and spillage in the donor area are among the most common effects.

Hair transplantation compared to other aesthetic applications
a surgical intervention, although it is an operation with a low complication rate
It can cause various side effects. Although these side effects
Although preventable and treatable, the patient
should be informed about all possible risks. Likewise sick
Also, share the medicines and diseases he uses with the transplant doctor. also
The side effects of hair transplantation will not be the same in every person and more than one in one person
It should not be forgotten that side effects may be seen.

Some Risks That May Occur in Hair Transplant

  1. Edema
  2. Bleeding
  3. Crusting
  4. Itching
  5. Folliculitis
  6. Hiccup
  7. Numbness
  8. Asymmetry
  9. Your grafts leaving his place
  10. Spill in the Donor Area

This side, lined up in items
The frequency of the effects depends on the person’s body resistance, metabolism
It may vary. Some post-transplant procedure
While living, some may coexist one or more of them. The important thing
The subject is to remember that these effects are temporary and the patient’s stress
is not.


Edema is one of the most common side effects of hair transplantation. It can occur on the face, forehead and eyes after transplantation. It is often caused by the serum injected into the transplantation area to numb the transplantation area and create a space between the scalp and the skull. Edema occurs as the serum injected into the scalp begins to descend towards the face due to the effect of gravity. There is no need to worry because edema, which is seen in almost everyone who has transplantation, is a temporary and painless condition. However, if the edema does not disappear within 3-5 days and causes chills, pain, fever and chills, the transplant doctor must be informed.


One of the common side effects of hair transplantation is bleeding. Since the transplanted scalp is a dense area in terms of capillaries, bleeding occurs while the roots are removed and when they are transplanted. However, bleeding that occurs after transplantation may have different causes. Among the side effects of hair transplantation, it may occur due to frequent bleeding, hitting, hitting, or due to an activator that increases blood pressure or drugs known to have blood thinning effects. Smoking and alcohol use can also cause bleeding, as they reduce oxygen transport in the blood. Although the intensity of the bleeding varies according to the person, it passes within 3-4 days and does not cause pain.


Although it is shown among the side effects of hair transplantation, scab is actually
It is part of the healing process. The blood leaking from the transplanted hair follicles
occurs when it dries. From the first washing process performed after the 3rd day
with the washing process that continues every day for about 15 days,
disappears. The scabs leave the transplantation area moisture-free, leaving the newly transplanted hair
It prevents the scalp from growing in a healthy way.
must be purified. For this reason, the washing process is quite
is important. Since a wrong move can damage the transplantation area,
The shells should never be torn off.


Even though itching after transplantation, like crusting, is shown as a side effect of hair transplantation, it occurs with the healing process. Itching caused by the scabs of the incisions made in the transplantation area and leaving the area dehydrated can also be caused by incorrect removal of the root, infection of the transplantation area and allergy to the shampoo and care products used. Itching, which is often seen in the first 2 weeks after sowing, should not be worried because it is a temporary condition. It can be easily relieved with the itch-reducing drugs recommended by the doctor.

Hair Root Inflammation (Folliculitis)

Hair root inflammation
It occurs when hair regrowth especially after shock shedding. From planting
folliculitis that occurs about the 2nd or 3rd month after the transplantation area
It is a side effect that can easily pass with the use of antibacterial creams.


Hiccups is a very rare side effect of hair transplantation.
is the situation. It was determined that there was 4 percent after transplantation. During or from October
after a very short time, in patients with extreme anxiety and excitement, voluminous breathing
It occurs due to stimulation of the diaphragm due to ingestion [4]. About 3-4
It passes by itself during the day.


Numbness is common in transplantation operations performed with the FUT method.
While it is a side effect, numbness is less observed with FUE used today. October
numbness caused by anesthesia applied to the region, mostly 24
Although it takes hours, it can take 6-12 months for some individuals. It is observed more frequently in the donor area.


Hair growth in the wrong direction and deterioration of the front hairline
It is one of the side effects that occur. In the redesign of the front hairline
A mistake made or a wrongly opened channel is the most important of asymmetric problems.
is the first reason. To prevent asymmetries that may occur during hair transplantation,
The structure of the hair and the level of shedding should be taken into consideration. Especially front hair
Approval of the patient should be obtained while determining the line. If an asymmetric problem is encountered after hair transplantation, a new hair transplant operation is required for correction.

Dislocation of Grafts

Separation of the grafts is a side effect mostly experienced in the first three days of the operation. Since the newly transplanted hair follicles have not yet fully settled in their nests, traumatized hair follicles may separate from their place for any reason. Therefore, the transplantation area should be treated very carefully, especially in the first 3 days. If the graft is dislodged, it should be placed in a less salty water before losing time, then it should be placed in the old place by going to the transplantation center.

Spill in the Donor Area

One of the side effects of hair transplantation is the loss seen in the donor area. Although it is not common, it develops approximately 6 weeks after the sowing, due to the decrease in blood flow and resolves spontaneously within 3-4 months. In cases that take a long time to grow, the use of minoxidil accelerates hair growth.

Rare Side Effects After Hair Transplantation

We can list the side effects, which are very rare after transplantation, as follows.


Since the FUE method is used in transplantation operations, there is almost no risk of infection. October
clean operation room during disposable materials; regular after sowing
Use of antibiotics and FUE planting will reduce the risk of infection.

Pigment Change

After the hair transplantation, pigmentation may be seen in the donor area due to the patient’s lack of care. Especially in the first 1 month after planting, not being able to adequately protect the planting area from the sun may cause pigmentation. Therefore, it is important for the patient to follow all the rules recommended by the doctor.


The possibility of occurrence of the side effects of hair transplantation is the most rare and serious effect. It appears as small bruises under the skin. Although the use of high amount of adrenaline in the solutions applied to the scalp during transplantation is one of the most effective reasons, it is also due to the frequent implantation of the grafts, the wide and deep opening of the channels, excessive and long smoking. If necrosis development is suspected, the transplant doctor should be consulted immediately.


One of the side effects of hair transplantation is cysts that may occur in both the donor area and the recipient area. During sowing
It is caused by incomplete removal of the hair follicles extracted from the donor area or placing the follicles too deep. Sometimes, accidentally planting two roots on top of one another is one of the conditions that cause cysts. In case of a cyst, the cyst must be opened and emptied.

Limited Hair Growth

One of the rare side effects of hair transplantation is limited hair growth of the hair. Keeping the grafts outside for too long, opening the channels very close to each other and performing a dense planting cause hair growth. In case of insufficient hair growth, a new hair transplant can be planned depending on the yield of the donor area.

Can Side Effects Be Prevented In Hair Transplant?

Since the side effects of hair transplantation may develop depending on various factors, it is not possible to prevent them completely. Hair transplantation may have side effects, as well as surgical side effects, due to doctor error and patient negligence. While it is not possible to prevent surgical side effects such as itching, bleeding, edema, other side effects may not be observed with the care of the doctor and the patient. For this, the patient should pay attention to certain factors.

  1. Experienced doctors and transplant centers approved by the Ministry of Health should be preferred.
  2. All instructions given before and after planting must be followed.
  3. Such as heart disease, cancer or hepatitis B, C
    people with illness to get approval from their own doctor before planting
  4. Hair transplanter, with previously experienced diseases should be informed about.
  5. Even if the patient has to use a medication continuously, she should inform the transplant doctor

Possible to occur after hair transplantation, hair Most of the side effects of cultivation are preventable and treatable. For this reason, in case of any problem, the transplant doctor should be consulted without stress. Apart from the possible side effects, most people who think about having a transplant are wondering whether the hair transplantation causes any other condition.

Hair Transplant Does it damage the brain tissue?

No, hair transplantation does not damage the brain tissue. The surface where hair transplantation is performed is performed in the dermis area of the skin, so it is impossible to reach the brain tissue.

Does Hair Transplant Cause Cancer?

Published that hair transplant causes cancer
There is no study. Studies show that cancer is caused by genetic or long-term unhealthy diets, environmental pollution and genetically modified foods.